Acer tataricum ssp. ginnala Flame Seeds
Tatar Maple or Tatarian Maple
Native to the cold northern regions of China and Japan, Tatarian Maples thrive where Japanese Maples cannot. Everything about this small 'oriental' looking tree is highly ornamental - flowers, bark, foliage, and even the seeds themselves. Yellowish-white fragrant flowers appear in panicles which literally cover the tree. The bark is smooth grey on young branches and somewhat textured grey on older trunks. Dense medium to dark green foliage turns to a vivid scarlet autumn colour that justifies its name of 'Flame'. Since this cultivar is usually grown from seed, colour variations may accordingly occur. Leaves drop early leaving showy red, two-winged seeds. It can be grown close to foundations and is a beautiful addition to the landscape. Growing 4 to 6 meters in height, it is an outstanding small tree that can be grown as a multiple or single stem specimen. Its spreading growth habit, along with its dense foliage, makes it ideal for bonsai culture. These are very adaptable trees and grow well in full sun to partial shade. They are low maintenance and very hardy. It is easily propagated from seed and will grow fast, maturing to a small compact size relatively quickly.
Maples are unrivalled for their autumn foliage colouring and variety of leaf shapes and textures. Maples are a very popular choice for the art of bonsai and many are compact enough for the average garden. Their flowers are green, yellow, orange or red and though individually small, the effect of an entire tree in flower can be striking in several species. Bark is another feature of some maples, although usually smooth grey or greenish, in the group known as the ‘snake bark maples’ it has longitudinal grey or red-brown stripes and in others it is flaky or papery. Most of the approximate 129 species come from East Asia, particularly China, where over 80 species can be found, Japan, with more than 20 species, and the eastern Himalayas. Most species are deciduous, but a few in southern Asia and the Mediterranean region are evergreen. Most maples prefer a cool, moist climate with ample rainfall in spring and summer. A planting position sheltered from strong winds suits them best. For best autumn colour, grow them in a neutral to acid soil. Propagation is generally from seed but grafting is also an option. Seed germination is aided by stratification.
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The Acer genus includes, but is not limited to the following species. Acer lobelii, Acer longipes, Acer lucidum, Acer albopurpurascens, Acer macrophyllum, Acer mandshuricum, Acer mapienense, Acer maximowiczianum, Acer maximowiczii, Acer miaoshanicum, Acer miaotaiense, Acer micranthum, Acer laurinum, Acer laxiflorum, Acer leipoense, Acer leucoderme, Acer linganense, Acer miyabei, Acer glabrum, Acer granatense, Acer grandidentatum, Acer griseum, Acer grosseri, Acer hainanense, Acer forrestii, Acer franchetii, Acer kweilinense, Acer laevigatum, Acer serrulatum, Acer shangszeense, Acer barbinerve, Acer buergerianum, Acer pubipalmatum, Acer negundo, Acer pycnanthum, Acer regelii, Acer robustum, Acer rubescens, Acer montanum, Acer erianthum, Acer schneiderianum, Acer semenovii, Acer amplum, Acer argutum, Acer ukurunduense, Acer undulatum, Acer fenzelianum and Acer flabellatum.